What is Outcome Based Education (OBE)?
Outcome Based Education (OBE) is a comprehensive approach that clearly defines what students are able to achieve, then organizes the curriculum, teaching activities and assessment to ensure learning ultimately occurs. According to Spady (1994), the four basic principles are clarity of focus, designing down, high expectations and expanded opportunities. Teachers must:
- Focus on helping students to develop the knowledge, skills and personalities that will enable them to achieve the intended outcomes that have been clearly articulated;
- Design curricula starting with clear definitions of the intended outcomes that students are to achieve by the end of the program;
- Establish high, challenging standards of performance to encourage students to engage deeply in what they are learning; and
- Strive to provide expanded opportunities for all students.